Body Composition Assessment in Sport: DXA

Monitoring body composition in athletes is beneficial for a myriad of reasons. DXA, or dual-energy X-ray absorptometry, is one of many methods that can be used to assess body composition in athletes. How DXA works, its popularity, and sources and margin of error are reviewed in this article.

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When and How to Implement Resistance Training in Youth

Athlete or not, embarking on a resistance training program is not something that should just happen with a snap of the fingers. The integration of resistance training, in order to optimize youth physical development, requires thought. In this article, I review the research on how and when to integrate resistance training into the lives of children, as well as debunk the myth that resistance training destroys growth plates and stunts growth.

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Got a Minute? This Video Explains How Caffeine Works in One Minute

Early Sport Specialization Part 6: How Organized Youth Sport Affects Family Dynamics

The importance of physical activity in youth cannot be overstated. The myriad of health benefits that come along with physical activity, both mental and physical, are well-documented [1-10]. These benefits include improved self-efficacy, life satisfaction, cardiovascular fitness, bone health and strength, body composition, and improved cognitive and mental health [1-10].

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Early Sport Specialization Part 5: Sport Volume Recommendations for Youth Athletes

The combination of sport specialization and high-volume training has been associated with a high rate of overuse injuries in youth athletes. Because of this, multiple medical and professional organizations have recently released position statements warning against specialization and have given recommendations for safe sport participation in youth [1-5].

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Early Sport Specialization Part 4: 5 Strategies to Prevent Athlete Burnout

Athlete burnout from sport is becoming more prevalent alongside the increasing trend of early sport specialization in youth athletes. In this article, I offer 5 simple strategies to prevent athlete burnout.

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Injury Risk in NBA Players: Playing multiple high school sports associated with increased career longevity compared with single sport high school athletes

Early Sport Specialization Part 3: Injury Risk and Burnout

The importance of physical and psychosocial health in youth cannot be overstated. This article reviews how early sport specialization impacts these factors in youth athletes.

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Off-Ice Contributors to On-Ice Success: An In-Depth Review of the Research

What does a game look like for the typical NHL positional player? It’s pretty easy to figure out… just do some simple math on the stats from the NHL website. The typical position player will have 20-35 shifts/game, each lasting 60-90 seconds in duration. This appears simple, on the surface, but let’s take a deeper look.

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In this study of 243 high-caliber Danish athletes, elite athletes acquired significantly less sport-specific practice hours before the age of 18 and specialize later in adolescence, compared with their near-elite counterparts.

Early Sport Specialization Part 2: Short-Term vs. Long-Term Athletic Success

Single sport specialization can be defined as intensive, year-round training in one sport to the exclusion of others [1]. Many young athletes, parents, and coaches believe that early single-sport specialization is necessary for long-term athletic success [2-6]. But, does the research agree with this notion?

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Muscle activity during 8 difference hip adduction exercises

The Hip in Ice Hockey – The Final Chapter: Simple and Effective Exercises to Improve Hip Function and Reduce Injury Risk

The hip adductors don’t get much love from most bilateral multi-joint lower body exercises. With unilateral lower body exercises, demands of the adductors increase, but relying on indirect stimulation through inclusion of a few unilateral multi-joint exercises focused in the sagittal plane is not enough to optimize hip adductor strength and function.

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The risks and rewards of early specialization in sport

Early Sport Specialization Part 1: Your Chances at Becoming a Pro Athlete Suck

Okay, I know what you’re thinking. Yes, the title of the article is a bit harsh, but it’s also true.

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The Hip in Ice Hockey Part 6: How to Treat Hip Pain (Plus Bonus Section on FAI and Early Sport Specialization)

Groin pain can have a variety of pathologies. It’s extremely important to identify the root of the pain because the specific cause may drastically affect the appropriate treatment for pain relief and return to optimal athletic performance.

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Supplement Review: Medium-Chain Triglycerides (MCTs) and MCT Oil

Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are exactly what you would think; triglycerides (i.e. fat molecules) with medium chain lengths of molecules. Some triglycerides have long chains, containing 13+ carbon atoms, whereas others have short chains, containing 5 or fewer carbon atoms. MCTs are right in the middle, and contain 6-12 carbon atoms in their chains [1-4].

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Supplement Review: Dietary Nitrate and Beetroot Juice

In the human body, Nitric Oxide (NO) promotes vasodilation, or widening of the blood vessels, which increases blood flow and reduces blood pressure [1-3]. NO is heavily involved with many physiological processes that affect exercise performance, including the regulation of blood flow, skeletal muscle contraction, and mitochondrial respiration and biogenesis [3-5].

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The Hip in Ice Hockey Part 5: How to Design the Optimal Hip Screening Protocol and Identify At-Risk Athletes

Designing and implementing testing and monitoring procedures to identify athletes who are at increased risk for suffering hip-related pathology is crucial for sustained, high-level, ice hockey performance.

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The Hip in Ice Hockey Part 4: The Cost of Injury

Having healthy hips is an integral facet of sustained, high-level ice hockey performance. Due to their heavy use in the sport, they are frequently injured. The financial, performance, and time-loss costs can be extremely burdensome.

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Supplement Review: Gotu Kola

Gotu kola, or Centella Asiatica,  is a plant that has, traditionally, been commonly cultivated in Asian countries [1, 2], and is on the Thailand National List of Essential Medicines for its antipyretic (fever reducing) and wound healing properties [3].

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The Hip in Ice Hockey Part 3: The Groin Strain Impostors

There are many core and hip-related injuries that cause groin pain in ice hockey athletes. Although the groin pain is real, a groin strain may not be the primary cause. Here are a few hip pathologies that oftentimes result in groin pain.

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Shakebot Listed as Go-To Resource for Sports Dietitian at American Society for Nutrition (ASN) 2018 Annual Meetings

The American Society for Nutrition (ASN) is a society for professional researchers and practitioners in the field of nutrition.

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The Hip in Ice Hockey Part 2: Hip Injury Epidemiology and the Coveted Groin Strain

If you missed Part 1, you can view it here.

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